Pointy, textured, translucent… succulents within the Haworthia genus have all of it! With over 60 recognized sorts of haworthia, this broad genus comprises an assortment of traits which can be good for any residence backyard. There’s a number of floor to cowl in terms of Haworthia succulent sorts, so we’ll contact on among the most typical and intriguing species.
Haworthia succulents are native to South Africa, the place they take pleasure in scorching, dry climate. They’re busy actively rising within the spring and fall after which go dormant in winter and early summer time. True succulents, they’re slow-growing and retailer water of their leaves that helps them survive drought. They’ll thrive in potting soil, direct solar or partial shade, and produce pups from the mum or dad plant. They can be propagated by leaf reducing.
When taken out of their native habitat of South Africa, gardeners should present plenty of brilliant mild or brilliant oblique daylight and be cautious of extra soil moisture. If crucial, they’ll repotted in contemporary soil when an excessive amount of moisture causes rot. They bloom a lot as aloe flowers do. None are chilly hardy, and so they can’t maintain themselves even in mild frost.
The classification of the Haworthia genus and Haworthia sorts is messy. Species names and groupings are continuously debated and altered (although all of them stay within the Asphodelaceae household). Whereas many Haworthia species look very completely different, plenty of them are extraordinarily related. This makes figuring out one in succulent plant nurseries very tough. To simplify issues, we’ve grouped the next succulent species by outstanding bodily traits.
That is certainly not an entire listing of succulents with epidermal home windows. In actual fact, most Haworthias have some type of them. The species listed below are simply well-known particularly for his or her light-catching leaf home windows.
It is a Haworthia that stands out from the remaining (and one in all my favorites). H. obtusa is nicknamed “mini Aloe” however appears greater than something like a bundle of water balloons. Its chunky leaves are clear, displaying off the water storage inside. The chlorophyll is positioned contained in the leaves, which is believed to extend the speed of photosynthesis. Many Haworthia species have these options, known as leaf home windows, however few are as prevalent as mini Aloe’s.
This succulent has one other accepted scientific identify: Haworthia cymbiformis var. obtusa. It’s additionally typically confused with Haworthia cooperi. The 2 are informed aside by their leaf margins. Mini Aloe is totally clean, whereas H. cooperi is lined with “tooth.”
Identical to mini Aloe, Haworthia cooperi’s leaves characteristic massive leaf home windows. When positioned in a window, the direct daylight shines proper by means of them, making this a fantastically decorative plant. The bottom of every leaf is often opaque, with some veins lining the home windows. In nature, the strong parts often develop underground, so solely the leaf home windows are peeking out. There are numerous forms of Haworthia cooperi that fluctuate in bristle size, coloration, and leaf form.
The leaf home windows are much less prevalent on this succulent, however nonetheless apparent sufficient that it’s earned the identify cathedral window Haworthia. The home windows are focused on the guidelines, so most of every leaf is cloudy inexperienced. The leaves are boat-shaped, pointier, and flatter than these of H. cooperi and H. obtusa. Boat-formed Haworthia produces white and pale pink flowers, although occasionally as a consequence of their slow-growing nature.
The legitimacy of this species continues to be being debated since many botanists argue that it’s really a hybrid of Haworthia retusa and H. cymbiformis. No matter we name it, although, nobody can argue with the widespread identify of star window plant. The leaf home windows of Haworthia cuspidata distinction sharply with its opaque leaves, displaying off a starburst sample. Their leaves are brief and chunky, which – paired with densely leafed rosettes – makes for a cutely condensed succulent!
H. transiens is similar to and typically known as a cultivar of H. cymbiformus. The obvious distinction we are able to see is its coloring. This succulent could be very mild inexperienced and typically golden yellow. The leaf margins are toothed and topped with a sharp tip.
This is among the extra elegant succulents. As an alternative of the standard mild inexperienced leaves, it has gorgeously darkish inexperienced leaves that shimmer the place fenestrated. The completely different leaf shapes are intriguing. The highest is formed like a petal, whereas the remaining is a strong extension of that form. Every leaf has light-colored, dainty traces alongside the highest. In contrast to most Haworthias, H. bayeri not often spreads by means of offsets (you’ll have to make use of leaf cuttings). H. bayeri is comparable in look to Haworthia springbokvlakensis and Haworthia emelyae.
These Haworthia sorts might not be sharp, however these species certain look prickly. Haworthias typically have mushy, white tooth lining the leaf margins – and typically extra!
Haworthia bolusii is the proper plant to purchase round Halloween. Its leaves seem like lined in webs although there isn’t a spider lurking inside. The tip and edges of every leaf are literally lined in fine-toothed, bushy bristles. These “cobwebs” are believed to guard the plant from moisture loss and sunburn, which is a helpful asset for desert crops.
Beneath all these bristles are curved, triangular leaves that kind a rounded rosette. Although it grows outwards in clumps, every H. bolusii rosette is barely about 3 inches in diameter. When it blossoms, this succulent sprouts inflorescences that attain as much as 20 inches tall. The white, brown-veined flowers are surprisingly massive in comparison with the small succulents under.
This succulent is known as the cobweb Aloe, nevertheless it resembles a spider greater than anything. Every leaf is lined with lengthy bristles that stick out like spider legs. H. arachnoidea is a big succulent that reaches over 6 inches in diameter. The leaf suggestions are vulnerable to drying out, giving the succulent much more of a sinister look. Within the fall, chances are you’ll prefer to pair this succulent with Haworthia bolusii for a spooky spider aesthetic.
The inexperienced leaves of Haworthia herbacea are frosted with stiff, white spines. The leaves are additionally lengthy, slender, and barely flat. They curve upwards in a bushy, albeit spikey, rosette. Younger crops of this species are often mild inexperienced and later mature to a darker shade. Because the leaves get darker, light-colored speckling is noticeable on their higher and decrease surfaces.
Haworthia takes on a unique shade with this plant. It options elongated, yellow-green leaves and a tinged pink heart. The leaf edges are ridged with little tooth, and the tip ends in a small, mushy spike. A mature Haworthia chloracantha grows in a number of clumps, making it good for xeriscaping.
To be truthful, most Haworthia sorts have some texture on their fleshy inexperienced leaves. Nonetheless, these species, specifically, are named for his or her bumps and lumps.
This succulent plant is often known as pearl plant due to its texture. It has delicate, clean tubercles that dot the leaves like pearls on silk. Pearl plant is among the bigger Haworthias, rising as much as 6 inches throughout and almost a foot tall. Its blossoms are additionally bigger than normal, with extra of a inexperienced or brown coloration than Haworthia’s typical white flowers.
This succulent has inflexible leaves that curl on the perimeters and splay out in a flattened rosette. Their tubercles are often close to to the identical coloration because the leaves, giving them a plasticy look. The inflorescences have a number of white and pink flowers. Haworthia limifolia is usually known as fairy washboard due to its textured leaves.
Unusually Formed Haworthias
Issues can get a bit wonky within the genus of those Haworthia sorts. From the blocky horse’s tooth to the meticulous H. viscosa, Haworthias take many types.
The widespread identify horse’s tooth sounds unusual however makes good sense once you check out Haworthia truncata. Every leaf is rectangular in form with slight ridges alongside the perimeters. As an alternative of conventional rosettes, the geometric leaves peek out of the bottom in orderly rows. The highest of every leaf contains a fenestrated skylight and the edges have a tough leaf floor.
Usually known as narrow-leaved Haworthia, these succulent crops have a lot thinner leaves than most different widespread Haworthia sorts. In actual fact, they appear extra like a chunky patch of grass than a succulent plant. The 4-inch succulent leaves are nonetheless organized in a rosette however they’re so lengthy that it’s tough to inform. Every clump of Haworthia angustifolia has a mushy feel and appear. It prefers partial shade and can flip brown if left in brilliant solar.
This darkish and brooding succulent will shortly discover a place in your coronary heart. Known as the black Haworthia, Haworthia nigra has very darkish inexperienced leaves which can be tough and warty. The stiff leaves develop folded inside one another, making a stacked look (they’re extra like succulent towers than rosettes). If black Haworthia will get confused as a consequence of excessive temperatures in its native South Africa, as an illustration, it could flip pink.
Quite a lot of Haworthia crops have been just lately moved to completely different genera, together with Haworthiopsis. As a result of the species amongst these Haworthia sorts are nonetheless generally known as Haworthias, we’ve included them right here.
There’s a purpose this succulent is nicknamed the zebra plant: it’s lined in white horizontal stripes! The hanging marks on this plant, known as tubercles, look nearly fuzzy since they increase up from the leaf’s floor. There are a number of completely different forms of zebra Haworthia attenuata; some look extra striped, whereas others are dotted with tubercles.
Zebra crops are among the most typical Haworthias offered in shops (I even have one at residence!). It’s simply recognized by the tubercles, which cowl all the leaf floor. When it’s mature, this succulent will produce brown and white flowers with curly petals. The blossoms could also be held near the rosette or prolong on a spindly stem. It might be barely confused with little zebra, or Haworthia fasciata.
Study Extra: Haworthiopsis Attenuata
When you examine it to zebra plant, you’ll perceive why the small succulent crops within the species Haworthia fasciata are known as little zebra. The 2 look very related however are nonetheless separate species. Since they each have white horizontal stripes, the distinguishing issue is stripe placement. Whereas zebra plant is roofed head to toe, little zebra (Haworthia fasciata) solely has stripes on the undersides of its inexperienced leaves.
Little zebra is uncommon in cultivation and infrequently offered in backyard shops. When it’s, it’s typically mislabeled. So, when you have a striped succulent, verify the place the stripes are – it could be rarer than you suppose!
As we’ve lined in different sections, zebras typically get confused with different zebras – on this occasion, Haworthia attenuata is usually confused for Haworthia reinwardtii, or fasciata.
Study Extra: Haworthiopsis fasciata
This succulent was known as Haworthia coarctata, in addition to many different scientific names. One they’ll all agree on is the widespread identify crowded Haworthia – and it’s so crowded. The tubercled leaves are so densely packed collectively that every rosette types a pinecone form. The leaf colours vary from darkish inexperienced to muddy yellow to mild pink. In contrast to many Haworthia sorts, Haworthia coarctata has a stem on the core of all these leaves.
This species is just like Haworthia coarctata however with some apparent variations. Its pinecone form is much less compact and tidy, principally as a result of the upright-growing, pointed leaves are longer. It additionally has bigger tubercles that resemble these on a zebra plant (no marvel that is known as the zebra wart!). Previously known as Haworthia reinwardtii, this succulent is vibrant inexperienced with pinkish-white flowers.
As a result of it resembles the zebra plant, it will possibly typically be confused with Haworthia fasciata or Haworthia attenuata.
Sort A gardeners will respect how orderly this succulent is. The triangular leaves are neatly stacked into three interlocking rows. Every “tower” grows as much as 6 inches tall and produces a good bigger inflorescence. Its coloring is usually a gradient of inexperienced and pink.
Continuously Requested Questions
Q: Are there several types of Haworthia?
A: Over 60 species! They are often difficult to inform aside, but additionally embody some distinctive leaf shapes and textures.
Q: How do I determine my Haworthia?
A: Check out its outstanding bodily traits, equivalent to a tough leaf floor or triangular leaves. After matching these to some potentialities, take note of smaller particulars like ridging alongside the perimeters. Watch out to maintain your Haworthia attenuata aside from different zebras.
Q: Do Haworthias want full solar?
A: Sure, however some Haworthia succulents want partial shade in excessive temperatures. An excessive amount of brilliant mild can burn the leaf rosettes.
Q: What’s the largest Haworthia?
A: The most important Haworthias nonetheless solely attain about 6 inches in diameter. These embody H. arachnoidea and H. margaritifera. When you’re in search of peak, H. viscosa towers above the opposite Haworthia sorts at half a foot tall.
Q: Is Haworthia a cactus or a succulent?
A: Haworthias are succulent crops that thrive in a cactus soil combine, however usually are not cacti. Although they retailer water, stay in scorching climates, and usually are not cold-hardy, they don’t have areoles (a defining attribute of cacti).
Q: What number of sorts of Haworthias are there?
A: We all know of over 60 species of Haworthia.
Q: What’s the distinction between Haworthia and Haworthiopsis?
A: Haworthiopsis comprises many species that was categorised as Haworthias. Considered one of its defining traits is a tough, thick dermis.
Q: What do you do with Haworthia flowers?
A: You’ll be able to clip off the stalks once they emerge or after the white flowers have light. These are slow-growing crops that take a very long time to flower, so we encourage having fun with the blossoms! Attempt a extremely diluted cactus fertilizer to spur extra blooms.