Haworthiopsis Fasciata: The Little Zebra Plant


Do you know that zebras are literally black with white stripes? The identical rings true for his or her plant doppelganger, Haworthiopsis fasciata. Adorably nicknamed ‘little zebra’ this succulent is roofed in white stripes. That funky sample, plus a particular form, makes the little zebra a singular addition to any backyard.

The Haworthiopsis fasciata zebra plant is in the identical household as aloe vera, and it exhibits. It options inexperienced, triangular leaves which can be stacked in a bit of bush. A typical succulent, little zebra plant shops water and vitamins in its leaves that allows it to outlive lengthy intervals of drought. Even when grown outdoors its homeland of Japanese Cape Province, South Africa, this plant may be very low-maintenance.

H. fasciata is a superb plant for these new to succulent gardening. It behaves very sometimes for a succulent, so studying to look after it’s going to put together you for trickier crops, and it’s non-toxic. On this article, we’ll cowl all the things it’s essential add little zebra to your inexperienced thumb repertoire!

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Fast Care Information

Large patch of Haworthiopsis fasciata
A big patch of Haworthiopsis fasciata. Supply: MeganEHansen
Frequent Title Little zebra, zebra plant, succulent Haworthia
Scientific Title Haworthiopsis fasciata; previously Haworthia fasciata var fasciata
Household Asphodelaceae
Top & Unfold 7 inches excessive and vast
Gentle Shiny oblique gentle
Soil Properly-draining
Water Soak and dry
Pests & Illnesses Mealybugs, spider mites, root rot

All About Haworthiopsis Fasciata

Haworthiopsis fasciata in pot
Haworthiopsis fasciata. Supply: salchuiwt

Our data about crops and the way they’re associated to one another is all the time increasing. So, plant species are sometimes moved into totally different genuses as taxonomists be taught extra about them. That is the case with our little zebra crops. They was labeled as Haworthia fasciata however had been moved to the Haworthiopsis genus. Alongside for the journey got here Haworthiopsis attenuata, little zebra’s near-identical twin (additionally from the genus Haworthia).

H. attenuata is nicknamed Haworthia zebra and is commonly confused with our little zebra plant. They each have striped, pointed, darkish inexperienced leaves and the identical progress habits. Nonetheless, little zebra is easy on the within of the leaves, whereas Haworthia zebra has extra white bumps there. 

Little zebra is definitely fairly uncommon in cultivation and normally mislabelled. So, if it seems you even have a Haworthia zebra, head over to our article on Haworthiopsis attenuata (Haworthia attenuata). Nonetheless, these Haworthia succulents are very related and can profit from the identical basic Haworthia care.

As we talked about, the little zebra plant has sharply pointed leaves which can be lined with bumpy “zebra stripes”, formally referred to as white tubercles. The ornamental, banded leaves develop out from the middle in basic succulent vogue however curve inwards a bit extra. The entire plant normally doesn’t attain greater than 7 inches excessive, making it excellent for an indoor windowsill backyard. When the plant blossoms, it sends up a solitary, skinny stem that’s topped with tubular, white flowers.

The Haworthiopsis fasciata zebra plant grows in clumps. Spiked offsets will develop nestled below the dad or mum plant till they develop their very own root system. These are slow-growing succulent infants, however they do make propagation simpler. 

When grown outdoors as annuals, Haworthiopsis fasciata succulents will develop steadily from spring to fall. It’s progress will decelerate within the winter when the temperature drops (it could even go dormant). When the climate warms up once more, your little zebra plant might produce flowers in the summertime or fall. That is additionally the best time to transplant, prune, or propagate for the reason that succulent is actively rising once more.

Haworthiopsis fasciata is native to South Africa, so it’s no shock that it likes to be scorching and dry. Within the US, it’s going to develop outdoors in zones 10-11. You may nonetheless develop this succulent plant in colder areas, however it’ll must be saved inside (I’m at present rising one on my windowsill in zone 3!).

Zebra Plant Care

H fasciata
H. fasciata. Supply: i05

So long as you correctly arrange your zebra haworthia for the rising season, it’ll fortunately develop for you. Right here’s what you want for profitable zebra succulent plant care.

Solar and Temperature

Like most succulents, Haworthiopsis fasciata likes a lot of shiny, oblique daylight. It’ll thrive in a south-facing window that will get at the very least 6 hours of direct gentle a day. Nonetheless, little zebra crops additionally respect some gentle shade within the warmth of the afternoon. The leaves might change shade in shiny, direct daylight. That is technically an indication of stress however does little to hurt the plant. The truth is, many gardeners expose their succulents to an excessive amount of solar so as to carry out the coloring.

As a desert plant, zebra cactus is just not cold-hardy. The bottom temperature it could actually deal with is round 30°F, however frost harm can occur at 45°F. Conversely, Haworthiopsis fasciata succulents deal with warmth effectively however want some protecting shade in temperatures over 85°F.

Water and Humidity

Should you’ve grown succulents, you recognize the drill with watering. We’re following the “soak and dry” method. First, soak your succulent’s potting soil by watering it totally. Then, wait till the soil has utterly dried out, wait a couple of extra days, after which soak it once more. Relying on the temperature, it’s possible you’ll solely be watering each 2-4 weeks. Should you’re unsure about whether or not your succulent wants water, don’t water it.

Like most crops, little zebra likes to be dry above floor. An excessive amount of humidity is an invite to leaf rot and fungal progress. So, you’ll want to place your succulent someplace with good air circulation and low humidity.

Soil

Since they naturally develop in acidic sands, Zebra crops require a well-draining soil combine. Ideally, you need to use a premade succulent and cactus combine, which normally has the right quantity of drainage. You may also combine your individual, including sand, perlite, or vermiculite to common potting combine. 

Water ought to seep by way of the combination considerably shortly and never pool on the floor. You should utilize an alternate rising medium, like coconut coir, however you’ll have to attend longer between waterings. Do not forget that whereas the rising medium wants to carry some moisture, it additionally must be dry for brief intervals of time.

H. fasciata crops choose a impartial or barely acidic soil pH (6.6 is ideal). They need to handle simply nice in poor soils so long as they get dose of fertilizer every so often. You also needs to be certain that the container you utilize has wonderful drainage holes.

Fertilizing Haworthia fasciata

For optimum progress, feed your Haworthiopsis fasicata zebra plant with a balanced liquid fertilizer each 2-3 months throughout the summer time. Don’t fear about feeding it within the winter, as zebra crops’ progress will naturally decelerate when the temperatures drop.

Pruning

Because it grows in neatly-packed rosettes, the Haworthiopsis fasciata zebra plant isn’t normally pruned. The one instances you need to prune it’s if the leaves are diseased or dying. The older leaves on the backside of the rosette will naturally die off. You may take away them by merely plucking them off the stem. The identical will be performed for diseased leaves. 

Propagation from a Mom Plant

Haworthiopsis fasciata is propagated identical to most different succulents: leaf cuttings or offsets. Offsets are the best methodology, so we’ll begin with them.

As talked about earlier, a mature Haworthiopsis will produce child crops referred to as offsets or pups. These infants are hooked up to the mom plant, receiving vitamins whereas they develop their very own roots. When the roots are seen, you may pace up the method by slicing the offsets from the mom plant and replanting them in their very own small pots.

Leaf cuttings take longer to provide new crops, however they’re fascinating to observe! Begin by eradicating a complete leaf from a mature plant. The leaf have to be wholesome and at the very least an inch lengthy. Place the leaf someplace dry for a couple of days so the lower finish can callus over. To kickstart its progress, you may dip the lower finish in rooting hormone. Then, set it on prime of some well-draining soil and mist it with water. 

Preserve the floor regularly moist and also you’ll quickly see tiny roots sprouting from the callused finish. In time, a miniature rosette will develop from the slicing. Because it turns right into a mature plant, the unique leaf will die and fall off.

Troubleshooting Zebra Vegetation

Closeup of H fasciata
A closeup of H. fasciata. Supply: el cajon yacht membership

The beauty of succulents is that they aren’t too fussy. Plus, the issues they’re explicit about are pretty simple to determine and repair.

Rising Issues

In the event that they don’t get sufficient daylight, succulents can turn into etiolated (stretched out). When this occurs to Haworthiopsis fasciata crops, they seem tall and thin as an alternative of brief and spiky. Sadly, as soon as a fasciata plant is etiolated, it could actually’t shrink again down. However, it’s very simple to “carry out surgical procedure” in your succulent.

Utilizing a pointy, clear knife, lower off the stem an inch under the place the leaves start to area out. Take away all of the leaves from that backside inch, leaving you with a spiky rosette on a stem. Give the slicing a couple of days to dry out, after which stick it upright into some well-draining potting combine. The stem will develop roots from the place the leaves had been eliminated, reestablishing a brief, compact succulent.

In case your zebra fasciata plant begins to get brown and crispy on the ideas, it’s seemingly too scorching and underwatered. Give it watering and place it in some gentle shade throughout the hottest a part of the day. If caught early sufficient, the harm could also be reversible.

On the flip aspect of issues, overwatering succulents shortly turns them mushy. If left untreated, the roots, stem, and leaves will start to rot. Should you see this taking place, instantly cease watering till the plant recovers. You also needs to examine that the rising medium is draining effectively and transplant into a greater combine if wanted.

Pests

Mealybugs are a ache to Haworthiopsis fasciata, Haworthiopsis attenuata (aka, Haworthia attenuata or Haworthiopsis attenuate), and some other related succulent species. These pests suck out the plant’s juices, leaving it discolored and withered. If not correctly handled, mealybugs can kill your succulent zebra plant and unfold to its neighboring crops. In addition they secrete a honeydew that pulls ants (yuck!).

You may deal with mealybugs with insecticidal cleaning soap or a mycoinsecticide. In case you have quite a lot of succulents outdoor, it’s possible you’ll need to inventory ladybugs or lacewings in your backyard. They’ll deal with the mealybugs and most different succulent pests.

Should you thought mealybugs had been gross, check out spider mites. These tiny, imitation spiders additionally feed on leaf juice however depart behind ultra-fine webs. You may deal with them with horticultural oils or insecticidal cleaning soap in addition to the predatory bugs talked about. To forestall spider mite and mealybug infestations, preserve the leaves and soil floor clear from particles and take away useless plant matter.

Illnesses

Due to their fleshy roots, succulents are very vulnerable to root rot. Root rot begins with an excessive amount of moisture within the soil, normally from overwatering. The roots get waterlogged and turn into susceptible to mould, oomycetes, and fungi mendacity in wait within the soil. You might be encountering Fusarium, Pythium, or Phytophthora species, amongst others. Stop any kind of rot by avoiding extra water and maintaining the soil well-drained.

You may attempt to fight such ailments with fungicide, although it’s possible you’ll find yourself simply eradicating the diseased parts. Should you do handle to salvage among the plant, transplant it into new soil with higher drainage and watch it intently for extra signs. Destroy any diseased plant matter, and don’t compost it.

Continuously Requested Questions

Haworthiopsis fasciata
Haworthiopsis fasciata. Supply: dogtooth77

Q: How do you deal with Haworthia fasciata?

A: For probably the most half, you deal with it by not taking good care of it. Water your zebra haworthia very sparingly and depart it in semi-direct daylight (an excessive amount of daylight can hurt it). Preserve it away from cool air as it’s not chilly hardy.

Q: How lengthy do Haworthia fasciata reside?

A: Due to its slow-growing nature, the haworthiopsis fasciata zebra plant can reside to round 50 years outdated.

Q: How large can a Haworthia fasciata get?

A: It is a small plant that normally doesn’t cross 7 inches in top.

Q: Does Haworthia fasciata want daylight?

A: Completely! Give your zebra cactus at the very least 6 hours of oblique gentle every day. An excessive amount of direct daylight can burn the leaves, so present some gentle shade in scorching climate.

Q: Is Haworthia exhausting to deal with?

A: By no means! Zebra haworthia is a really low-maintenance succulent. So long as you present the precise potting soil, guarantee there’s sufficient pure gentle, and water sparingly, you shouldn’t have any issues maintaining your zebra plant blissful.

Q: How usually do you have to water Haworthia?

A: Whether or not it’s grown indoors or out, you need to solely water H. fasciata when the soil is totally dried out. This normally quantities to each 2-4 weeks.

Q: Does a Haworthia flower?

A: Sure, however very demurely. Most species of this genus produce spindly stems topped with tubular, white flowers. Haworthia flowers normally seem from early summer time to fall.

Q: Is Zebra succulent uncommon?

A: If we’re speaking about H. fasciata, then sure. Most zebra crops you’ll see outdoors of South Africa are literally Haworthiopsis attenuate, even when they’re labeled as fasciatas. 

Q: Are Haworthia poisonous to canine?

A: Nope! Zebra fasciata crops are non-toxic to most animals. So you may preserve your pets and young children secure whereas additionally being the proud proprietor of this lovely species.

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