Guzmania: Brightly Coloured Bromeliad Flowers


Guzmania is a genus of over 120 species of flowering vegetation within the bromeliad household. There’s one other plant on this household that’s edible and will be present in grocery shops all around the United States. That’s proper, pineapples are additionally bromeliads! Identical to a pineapple crown, the guzmania bromeliad flower stalk rises from the middle of the plant. The flowers bear an identical look to the darkish inexperienced leaves however have a tendency to come back in colours like vivid crimson, yellow, orange, and white flowers.  

These tropical vegetation will most frequently be grown as indoor vegetation however will be efficiently grown within the nice outdoor in USDA zones 10-12. In america, guzmania vegetation will be grown outdoor in locations like Florida and Hawaii. Rising guzmania bromeliads is effectively price it because the host plant will finally put out bromeliad pups, leaving you with a nearly infinite provide of child vegetation. 

Rising guzmania bromeliads may be very easy and excellent for a houseplant novice. Right here we’ll talk about the way to replicate its pure surroundings indoors in a pot in an effort to take pleasure in these tropical beauties in your house year-round. They do enter a dormant part because the daytime shorten in winter wherein they won’t put out as a lot new progress. 

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Fast Care Information

Guzmania conifera flower
Guzmania conifera flowers are very distinctive. Supply: Cerlin Ng
Widespread Title Guzmania, Tufted air plant, Scarlet star
Scientific Title Guzmania lingulata, Guzmania monostachia, Guzmania conifera 
Household Bromeliaceae
Top & Unfold 2ft tall and huge
Gentle Vibrant, oblique mild
Soil Wealthy, well-draining
Water Preserve the middle cup ¼ full 
Pests & Illnesses Spider mites, root rot, powdery mildew

All About Guzmania

G. monostachia
Guzmania monostachia tends to supply an extended flower stalk. Supply: Reinaldo Aguilar

Guzmania is an evergreen perennial native to Florida, the West Indies, southern Mexico, Central America, and northern and western South America. The genus is called after Spanish pharmacist and naturalist Anastasio Guzman. The plant dies after it produces flowers in the summertime, however new vegetation are simply propagated from the pups that type as offshoots on the base of the mom plant. 

Sorts Of Guzmania

As talked about above, guzmania is a genus of over 120 species of flowering bromeliads, however we’ll give attention to three of the most well-liked guzmania bromeliad varieties grown indoors. The three most typical guzmania vegetation are monostachia, conifera, and lingulata, with lingulata being the most well-liked and extensively out there of the three. Outdoors of those, there are a lot with various foliage and blooms starting from yellow to inexperienced, and even crimson and pink. 

  • Guzmania monostachia, also called West Indian tufted air plant, usually has inexperienced foliage and crimson bracts. 
  • Guzmania conifera has a vivid orange and yellow pine-cone-shaped flower head with deep inexperienced leaves.
  • Guzmania lingulata, also called the scarlet star, might be the most well-liked guzmania and most generally out there at large field shops. 

Guzmania Care

G. lingulata
Guzmania lingulata flowers units itself off superbly from the leaves. Supply: Reinaldo Aguilar

Guzmania bromeliad is a really low-maintenance houseplant, making it very best for a novice. It will probably tolerate being forgotten and underwatered and usually has no bother bouncing again from the brink. Nonetheless, if you happen to’d prefer to get vibrant lovely blooms, then it’s greatest to observe the care tips beneath. 

Solar and Temperature

Guzmania vegetation want vivid, oblique mild, however can tolerate decrease mild than many different bromeliads. If a guzmania bromeliad fails to type a flower, it might be an indication that it isn’t receiving sufficient mild. Rising guzmania bromeliads requires 6-8 hours of daylight per day. Since guzmania bromeliad is native to tropical areas in North and South America it may solely be reliably grown outdoor in USDA zones 10-12, like Florida or Hawaii. They don’t tolerate temperatures beneath 60 levels Fahrenheit and are happiest between 70-80 levels. In all different areas, guzmania bromeliad will likely be an indoor houseplant.

Water and Humidity

You might be questioning the way to water a bromeliad resembling guzmania. The guzmania plant is technically an air plant, which means it has trichomes on its leaves that soak up water and vitamins from the air. The small root system is just supposed to carry the plant in place. Guzmania bromeliad has a central cup or tank within the center which, in its native habitat, can be full of rainwater and provides the plant all of the moisture it requires. As an indoor houseplant, you’ll must hold the cup about ¼ full. As well as, it’s a good suggestion to flush out the cup each few weeks to forestall water from stagnating and harboring dangerous micro organism and molds. Like different houseplants that originate from tropical areas, rising guzmania bromeliads requires average to excessive humidity. A plant humidifier close by ought to do the trick in case your family humidity ranges are too low. 

Soil

G. conifera
Guzmania conifera has an nearly ball-like flower. Supply: Carl Bullock

Deciding on soil on your guzmania plant may be very simple. Soil mixes made particularly for bromeliads are available and supply the proper potting medium on your new plant. Guzmania bromeliads want well-draining soil, which this particular mix of soil can obtain. You may additionally select so as to add stones to the underside of the pot to assist enhance drainage. You’ll be able to create your individual guzmania bromeliad potting combine by combining equal components vermiculite, bark, and peat moss (or coco coir). When creating your individual soil combine make sure that it falls in a impartial ph vary as most guzmania bromeliads don’t tolerate acidic soil (though guzmania scarlet can tolerate barely acidic soil). Add some further natural matter to extend the fertility of the potting medium. 

Fertilizing Guzmania Vegetation

Fertilizer will not be needed with guzmania bromeliad in any respect. Nonetheless, if you happen to’d like to extend the dimensions of the blooms, you possibly can evenly fertilize each two weeks throughout the spring and summer time rising season with a diluted liquid fertilizer simply because the bloom begins to type. 

Pruning

You’ll solely must prune the guzmania plant after the mom plant has accomplished its bloom cycle and the flower begins to fade and die again. Take away the bloom at its base as near the cup as potential. This may permit vitality to be targeted on producing pups which might then be propagated, and the cycle begins once more. 

Guzmania Bromeliad Propagation

Most bromeliads produce pups that are basically child bromeliads that develop alongside the mom plant as tiny offshoots. They are often dug up and repotted. Bromeliad repotting is sort of easy. As soon as the mom plant begins to die again (after it has bloomed) and the pups are just a few inches tall, merely in the reduction of the mother or father plant to the soil stage and dig up the pups being cautious to not injury the guzmania roots. Then place them in a 4-6 inch pot together with your most well-liked potting combine the place they are going to develop to maturity, flower, produce their very own pups, after which die.  

Troubleshooting

Guzmania monostachia flower
Guzmania monostachia flowers have shorter petals. Supply: Reinaldo Aguilar

This can be a very simple houseplant to look after and is good for workplaces and different areas with low mild. As talked about above, you possibly can neglect to water it and never do a lot injury. Nonetheless, there are just a few points that might come up. 

Rising Issues

This can be a houseplant that’s significantly inclined to being beloved to loss of life. An excessive amount of water, fertilizer, or direct daylight can kill a plant. Nonetheless, when supplied with the suitable rising circumstances, it’ll thrive. Needless to say in its native vary, it’s usually an understory plant in a tropical forest. It does greatest with dappled mild and survives on water obtained by its foliage which will be absorbed by retaining water in a cup or tank close by. Full solar or extra mild than is required will injury the colourful bracts. Due to their particular watering technique, points can come up when utilizing faucet water to care on your guzmania. In case your faucet water has a excessive focus of salts, they’ll construct up and trigger points on the foliage. If potential, use distilled water on this plant. Guzmania additionally tends to be very top-heavy, and together with its shallow root system, it may fall over. Because of this, it’s greatest to position it in bromeliad soil in a heavy terra cotta pot. 

Pests

As with most indoor houseplants, bromeliad care indoors means spider mites could be a pest drawback. These mites want heat temperatures and a dry surroundings with low humidity. An excellent preventative technique to avoiding spider mites throughout bromeliad care is to maintain the world round your houseplants humid, the potting combine moist, and temperatures decrease. The primary indicators of mites will likely be tiny holes within the leaves or small yellowish spots on the foliage. You might even discover tiny internet clusters on the leaves as effectively. 

If spider mites have already appeared, however there’s little to no injury to the plant then they’ll possible be manually eliminated with a forceful spray of water or wiping down your vegetation with a moist material. If the infestation is extra critical, then insecticidal cleaning soap or the natural insecticide pyrethrin spray will be efficient at eliminating all of the spider mites. 

Illnesses

Overwatering causes a lot of the primary illness issues on your new bromeliads and in addition contributes to root rot together with different fungal ailments. The signs of root rot will seem as a mushy mushy stem, wilting, and naturally rotten roots. Any such rot is more durable to get well from however will be remedied if there are nonetheless contemporary, white roots that haven’t but turned to mush within the pot. Reduce the rotted roots and replant the plant into dry soil in a sterilized pot if potential. 

Powdery mildew is one other fungal concern that may plague your vegetation. It seems as a white flour-like powder on the tops of the leaves. Neem oil will be sprayed as a preventative measure, however as soon as found it’s best to take away and destroy contaminated plant materials to forestall it from spreading to close by wholesome houseplants. 

Regularly Requested Questions

Guzmania lingulata flower
Guzmania lingulata flower erupting from its foliage. Supply: Ecuador Megadiverso

Q: How do you handle a Guzmania?
A: Oblique mild, don’t overwater, excessive humidity, flush the central cup repeatedly, take away spent blooms, and separate pups for extra vegetation. 

Q: Is Guzmania an indoor plant?
A: Sure, this will likely be an indoor plant until you reside in a tropical area or USDA rising zones 10-12.

Q: How lengthy do Guzmania flowers final?
A: Flowers can final for 3-6 months. 

Q: How typically do you water Guzmania?
A: Mist a couple of times per week, and alter the water within the cup each few weeks. Two weeks to 3 weeks is greatest. 

Q: What do Guzmania symbolize?
A: Guzmania symbolizes the Brazilian wilderness and is claimed to seize the blessings from above (water and daylight) and retailer them. 

Q: Ought to I reduce the useless flower off my bromeliad?
A: Sure, prune again spent blooms to encourage your plant to supply pups. 

Q: How large do bromeliad Guzmania get?
A: 2 ft huge by 2 ft tall.

Q: Is Guzmania simple to develop?
A: Sure, these tropical beauties are very simple to look after making it an excellent newbie houseplant. Perhaps it’s time so that you can develop your first guzmania?

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